Depression in teens is not different in adults. However, it presents itself differently, probably because of the hormonal changes, development, and peer pressure in teenage. Depression and anxiety are the primary causes of stress, drug abuse, and in worst cases, suicide among teenagers. As a teenager’s parent or caregiver, it is critical to learn about depression, its causes, and how it manifests itself. You can then choose IOP mental health if you think your teen has depression and it affects their quality of life. The following are the causes of depression among teens, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options.
The Main Causes of Depression Among Teens
There are different causes of depression in teens. However, the main ones include:
Environment. Teenagers face different situations that may cause depression. These include family divorce, abuse, bullying, poverty, and disabilities. Therefore, when a teen does not get enough support, they can quickly get depressed.
Genetics. Depression can also be a result of genes. Teenagers from a family with a history of anxiety and depression are also likely to be depressed.
Trauma. A teen with a history of sexual abuse, accidents, or violence can quickly get anxiety or depression.
Substance abuse. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also a significant issue among teens and a primary cause of depression.
Hormonal Changes. Teens go through different bodily changes. They have hormonal imbalances that affect their moods. Such changes make them feel different, making them fall into depression.
How Does Depression Present Itself in Teens?
It might be difficult to distinguish between behavioral change due to development and depression. However, if you notice that the behavior change is affecting the teenager’s daily life, it could be a sign of depression. Other things that indicate depression or anxiety include:
- Loss of interest in things they loved.
- Low energy
- Difficulty sleeping or concentrating/ sleeping too much
- Withdrawing or isolation
- Self-harm behavior like burning
- Feeling sad or hopeless
- Risky behavior
- Easily irritable
- Suicidal thoughts
The Risk Factors of Depression in Teenagers
If a teenager is exposed to the following situations, they are at a higher risk of falling into depression than in typical situations.
- Chronic illness
- Difficulty in gender identity
- Living in an abusive home
- Lack of emotional support
- Difficulty adjusting to new places
- Bullying both online and in-person
- Past trauma
- A family crisis like death or divorce
Treatment Options for Depression
Treatment of depression is done depending on the severity of the situation. However, psychotherapy is the best treatment for depression. Usually, it is combined with medication to provide the most effective treatment option. Apart from therapy and medication, other remedies include:
- Exercising to stay active
- Maintaining a regular sleep schedule
- Spending more time with family and friends
- Eating healthy food
- Joining a support group
These are the causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options for depression. As a caregiver or parent, it is crucial to know your teenager and recognize when their behavior changes. You need to know more about depression to recognize it when it is present. Support your teen’s mental health and seek the proper treatment for them.